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Articles on this Page
- 04/02/15--09:04: _Quality plus equity...
- 04/10/15--00:09: _Partnering for food...
- 04/13/15--07:44: _IFAD operations in ...
- 04/13/15--10:33: _Road to Nutrition m...
- 04/16/15--03:22: _June 16 is not 'jus...
- 04/20/15--04:40: _And the winner is …...
- 04/21/15--00:41: _Telling untold stor...
- 04/22/15--01:36: _Scenes from a festi...
- 04/23/15--01:25: _Ricette per il camb...
- 04/23/15--01:40: _Ilaria Firmian Inte...
- 04/24/15--06:47: _New photo-film: map...
- 04/27/15--05:17: _Three's a charm…IFA...
- 04/27/15--09:18: _Women scoop the awa...
- 04/30/15--02:58: _L’Expérience MPAT M...
- 05/04/15--01:25: _Measuring and enhan...
- 05/06/15--00:46: _How can Climate-Sma...
- 05/07/15--05:42: _Farms without farmers?
- 05/15/15--02:46: _Kenyan Comics and F...
- 05/22/15--03:50: _EXPO 2015: Let’s ta...
- 05/30/15--01:46: _Announcement: Regio...
- 04/13/15--10:33: Road to Nutrition mainstreaming
- 04/23/15--01:40: Ilaria Firmian Interview on Djibouti project PRAREV
- 04/24/15--06:47: New photo-film: mapping soil diversity in Tanzania
- 04/27/15--05:17: Three's a charm…IFAD's ECD host their third climate cinema event
- formation des formateurs au sein du PAPAM et celle des agents chargés de la saisie des données ;
- la formation des enquêteurs et des superviseurs d’enquêteurs ;
- Le test des questionnaires sur terrain ;
- l’échantillonnage ;
- la collecte des données sur le terrain ;
- la saisie des données ;
- l’analyse des résultats et la production du rapport.
- 05/04/15--01:25: Measuring and enhancing effective adaption in Rwanda
- 05/07/15--05:42: Farms without farmers?
- 05/15/15--02:46: Kenyan Comics and Flexi Biogas: New Media for New Technology
- Why is financial literacy so important? Financial literacy is more than reading and basic maths. And it’s more than learning about financial products, interest rates and the importance of paying back on time. It is about managing one’s resources, having a vision on where to go and which goals to reach. That’s why the Gender Action Learning System (GALS) is an excellent tool to enable beneficiaries, who often are illiterate, to draw up a vision, set a trajectory and to take one step at a time.
- How can we reach the very poor and most vulnerable? The Sampark project particularly targeted the poorest women who also have the least capacity to be able to give free time. Therefore, such programmes call for a lot of investments, by NGOs and donors, in terms of trainings and capacity building. At the same time, when resources are scarce, they also call for sacrifices from the women themselves. This means that such programmes need to be long term and well funded, and therefore can be only limited in scale. Matching funds and guarantee schemes are additional means to ensure inclusion of the poor, but always should be accompanied by training and mentoring.
- Why is women’s empowerment such a long process? In the case of Sampark it took 5-10 years to reach some levels of empowerment, which are different for every woman. The ‘virtuous spirals’ of women and microfinance demonstrate how long it can take to change mentalities and perceptions – of the women themselves, of men, be they husbands, fathers or brothers; of mothers-in law and other relatives who have a say on women’s mobility and actions; of religious and political leaders; and in case of rural finance, of policy makers and stakeholders in public and private sector.
- Why is the link to food security and nutrition so important? Women farmers and smallholders play a key role in agricultural production through their work on the farm, in the field or in the kitchen gardens. Women are also involved in food storage, processing and preparation. Access to credit or saving schemes, combined with training, can enable women to improve their skills in all sectors related to farming and food processing. Ultimately the greater availability of nutritious food ─ not only staples such as rice, but also vegetables and protein ─ combined with women’s improved knowledge about diets and food preparation will ensure greater food security, better nutrition of the family and reduce child malnutrition.
|Cooperative members dry coffee in São Tomé. ©IFAD/Joanne Levitan|
There are thousands of fine chocolate bars, all delicious and unique, but what makes some of them special? Is it the art of the chocolate makers? The quality of the cocoa beans? The technology used to transform them? The alchemy in the mix of ingredients? The packaging? Or is it the land where cocoa trees are grown?
All the above elements contribute to a quality product, but what really makes the difference is the partnership between producers and other private and public stakeholders (also known as the four 'Ps') along the cocoa value chain – and how the 'Ps' work together to grow high-quality cocoa beans, build supply capacity and establish market linkages in a sustainable and equitable manner.
Equolink 70% chocolate bars prove this to be the case. They are made from Fair-trade certified coconut sugar and high-quality cocoa beans produced by smallholder farmers in São Tomé and Principe who, until few years ago, were living below the poverty line. Today, their lives are much improved, thanks to distributors and consumers who believe and invest in high-quality, single-origin, equitably produced foods.
Investing in quality to reduce poverty
IFAD has been working in São Tomé and Principe since the early 1980s. In 2003, the Participatory Smallholder Agriculture and Artisanal Fisheries Development Programme (PAPAFPA) was launched there to improve the incomes and living conditions of 4,500 families. The programme reached about 19,000 farmers and artisanal fishermen.
|Coffee samples at IFAD event on sourcing certified|
sustainable products from smallholders. ©IFAD
Moreover, since 2012, PAPAFPA has been supported by the Strengthening Smallholders’ Access to Markets for Certified Sustainable Products (SAMCERT) initiative, funded by an IFAD grant, which works with groups of small-scale producers to identify the potential for Fair-trade, Organic and other certifications. SAMCERT is also working in São Tome and Principe to establish geographical indications used to identify products originating from a well-defined geographic area. Geographical indications represent one further step towards increasing the market competitiveness of smallholder producers, improving their livelihoods and stimulating overall development of rural areas.
PAPAFPA has successfully established robust private-public partnerships with several European companies, which act as both partners and buyers/importers of certified products (coffee, cocoa, pepper and other spices) into the EU market. The progress made by these partnerships is notable in terms of volumes of produce exported yearly, returns generated and the overall performance of concerned producers and exporters.
Indeed, since the beginning of 2012, CECAB, one of the four export cooperatives created under PAPAFPA, has been running its operations independently from the programme.
Meeting market expectations
It is clear that many chocolate consumers are interested in more than just quality. They are always looking for new flavours and, more important, are interested in knowing where the chocolate originates and how it is produced. Increasingly, they care about the environmental and social impact of chocolate production. High quality is not enough if it implies abuse of natural and human resources.
|Equolink 70% chocolate is produced with Fair-trade |
cocoa beans and coconut sugar. ©Equolink
Thanks to this new recipe, the São Tomé bar was selected out of more than 700 fine chocolate bars traded on the Italian market as one of the nine finalists for the national prize Tavoletta d'Oro 2015 last month. São Tomé's entry did not win first prize but came very close and will participate in the International Chocolate Awards in London later this month.
For cocoa smallholders of São Tomé and Principe – and for all those who invest in quality and equity – this is an impressive result. We can only hope that there will be more such achievements in the future.
John McIntire harvested cocoa in Sidole village in Central Sulawesi. Cocoa trees need a lot of attention, |
that makes them the perfect smallholder crop. About 80% of Indonesia's
cocoa is produced by smallholders. ©IFAD/Sarah Hessel
The IFAD delegation in a meeting with the Minister of Planning and Development |
to discuss on-going and future collaborations. ©IFAD/Sarah Hessel
The IFAD delegation in meeting with the Minister of Agriculture. The new government has |
committed itself to self-sufficiency in maize, corn and paddy within
the next three years. ©IFAD/Sarah Hessel
John McIntire in dialogue with the Secretary General of the Ministry of Agriculture, |
one of IFAD's main partners in Indonesia. ©IFAD/Sarah Hessel
The IFAD delegation met Ahmad, who was about to give up cocoa farming. |
Then he received support through the READ Mars partnership. Today he
works as a cocoa doctor. ©IFAD/Sarah Hessel
Written by Francesco FarnèAs a recent graduate in International Politics and Relations, I am always tempted to analyse facts from a geopolitical perspective.
When I heard that the Near East and North Africa (NEN) Division was holding an event on IFAD’s operations in fragile contexts, with a particular focus on Sudan, Somalia and Yemen, as case studies, my curiosity got the better of me and I was eager to attend.
Many questions came into my mind and I hoped the event would enlighten me. How is it possible to carry out operations and projects in contexts where collective security, as well as basic civil rights, cannot be assured and the breach of peace is a constant threat? The adjective ‘fragile’ sounded even a bit reductive on first thought.
|NEN staff from Somalia, Sudan and Yemen presenting their case studies |
Among the case studies, the one that caught my attention the most was Somalia. Somalia is one of the least developed countries in the world. The country, where a terrible civil war took place in the '90s, is often referred to as an example of a failed state in books that deal with international law and politics. This was confirmed by Noel Harris, Programme Coordinator, Northwestern Integrated Community Development Programme (ICDP) in the Somaliland region, who gave a presentation on the challenges he and his colleagues had to face. I found out that, in addition to security and political issues, natural conditions in Somalia are also problematic. Severe droughts frequently affect the country threatening water supply and crop yields. Moreover, infrastructure was seriously damaged after the civil war, due to depopulation of villages, loss of agricultural equipment and degraded farmlands. All this contributes to make Somalia a fragile country.
ICDP had to respond to this ever-changing environment since its conception. It started as an emergency assistance programme during the civil war. Then it became a post-conflict rehabilitation programme. Eventually ICDP focused on integrated development intervention. Such a transition from emergency assistance to post-conflict development required a prompt and flexible response by IFAD, which produced high-profile results. Food security in the target group has been achieved since 2011, just to give an example.
What I found so distinctive about this presentation and the whole event in general is the capacity to apply the concept of flexibility, presented in the overview, to reality. The programmes are really capable of adapting to fragile contexts and ever-changing situations with tangible results. Of course, it is possible to do even better, as emerged during the final discussion, but from my perspective, as a student used to theoretical academic concepts now understanding their application to the real world, it was impressive.
Government of the Republic of Zambia (GRZ) and IFAD fielded a joint-mission on portfolio alignment from 22 March – 2 April 2015. This activity was in response to the recommendation of a recent Country Programme Evaluation.
The mission was tasked to draw-out area of complementarity of current IFAD portfolio and build synergies for enhanced overall impact of project developmental goals. This portfolio constitutes current IFAD-funded projects in Zambia:
•Smallholder Agri-business Promotion Programme (SAPP)
•Smallholder Productivity Promotion Programme (S3P)
•Rural Finance Expansion Programme (RUFEP)
•Enhanced – Smallholder Livestock Investment Programme (E – SLIP)
|Consultative meeting with beneficiaries, implementers and project staff at Luwingu main camp in Northern Province|
For adequate spread and coverage of project locations, mission members broke up into two groups; one travelled to the Northern and the other to the Southern province. In similar vein regarding adequate coverage of nutrition issues during the field visit, I joined the group to the Northern while Simret, an intern who is supporting nutrition operations in Zambia IFAD Country Office joined the group to Southern province.
During a consultative meeting at Kasama district in Northern provinces, the stakeholders expressed keen interest and enthusiasm for integration and operationalization of explicit nutrition activities in the implementation of IFAD funded programmes. I was really challenged with their expression because the project documents stated the need to promote nutrition without any explicit activities to support them.
To buttress this readiness for nutrition mainstreaming in IFAD-supported projects, Mr. Andrew Banda, the Provincial agricultural Coordinator informed the mission that field nutrition officers have recently been employed at each district to support nutrition activities in the various blocks and camps.
Nevertheless, Rose Silyato, the Senior Agricultural Officer in Mbala district and Elizabeth Nakamanga, the nutrition officer in Northern province highlighted the lack of funding on nutrition-sensitive interventions and training needs for food and nutrition personnel.
In the Southern province, Simret noted likewise expression from her interactions with the camp officers in Choma district and the Food and Nutrition officers.
Attention of the mission was drawn to the selective locations of implementing Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN) programme in Zambia. For instance, the Northern province has SUN implemention only in three districts (Kasama, Mbala and Kaputa) leaving out the other six districts (Kaputa, Mporokoso, Luwingu , Nsama, Kasama, Mungwi, Mbala, Mpulungu and Chilubi). This led to a recommendation to boast the SUN initiatives by leveraging nutrition mainstreaming under the portfolio alignment to target locations not covered by SUN.
As the mission visited demonstrations plots and Farmer Field Schools, Rob Delve the agronomist in the team highlighted the need for inclusion and promotion of nutrient dense crop varieties in implementation of S3P which is being led by Zambia Agricultural Research Institute. According to Rob, the farmer demonstrations of improved released crop varieties should involve nutrient dense varieties such as;
(i)the high iron and zinc content beans
(ii)the newly released enhanced vitamin A content orange maize varieties
(iii)the un-released enhanced vitamin A content orange cassava varieties.
One of the improved beans plot visited at Senga camp, Mbala district was on Mbereshi beans which is rich in iron and zinc. However, the mission observed that the farmers’ enthusiasm was only focused on the economic value of the improved varieties. Mission therefore, recommended for advocacy on nutritional relevance of biofortified varieties in Farmer Field Schools.
Rob(3rdleft) inspecting the demonstration plot of cassava variety at Luwingu district.
Cassava tuber being peeled for processing after harvesting
(i) Improved and nutrient dense crop varieties (S3P project)
(ii) Availability and accessibility of safe nutritious food (E-SLIP)
(iii) Value added nutritious product development (SAPP)
(iv) Nutrition education via organized cooperatives and farmers’ groups (RUFEP)
At the conclusion of this mission, action plans drawn included an urgent need for nutrition sensitization workshop targeting Nutrition Officers, project staff and programme implementers. This action will facilitate the enthusiasm and concerted effort for accelerating and operationalization of nutrition mainstreaming in IFAD portfolio.
|Woman in the Philippines buys groceries with remittance money sent by |
a sister working abroad. ©IFAD/Joanne Levitan
IFAD is dedicating a day to the millions of migrant workers who make a vital contribution to the well-being of their families and communities back home. On June 16, we will celebrate the first International Day of Family Remittances.
But why has IFAD, through its Financing Facility for Remittances (FFR), decided to commemorate this day? What is the day meant to achieve?
Worldwide, over 247 million people live outside the countries and communities they call home. They leave their countries to look for opportunities, for jobs, for education. To some it is simply a question of survival, and they are ready to take on whatever task, at whatever pay, as long as they can send money to the families and communities left behind. The funds they send home are known as remittances.
The individual stories of those who leave their towns and villages for foreign destinations are stories of incredible dedication and tremendous sacrifice. That is why IFAD has dedicated 16 June as a day of recognition for their commitment and sacrifice to family. It recognizes the years and decades spent in a foreign country, labouring so their children might be able to live and work in their country of origin – the heartache of living far away not only from family and friends, but from their land and their culture. To live like that is a kind of life away from life.
Remittances are an expression of fundamental family commitment. They constitute one of the world's most direct methods of poverty alleviation.
|Plans for International Day of Family Remittances are announced at IFAD |
Governing Council session, February 2015. ©IFAD/Flavio Ianniello
The United Nations General Assembly designates a number of international days to mark important aspects of human life and history. Specialized UN agencies can also proclaim these days. You may not be familiar with all the days. Some, like World Environment Day, World Water Day and International Women's Day, are better known than others. But each and every international day has been designated for a specific reason.
Inevitably, the International Day of Family Remittances will call to mind someone we either know well or have met briefly. It will always remind me of a friend I made a few years ago through one of the many FFR programmes. Her name is Minda, a 60-year-old powerhouse full of energy and initiative. She comes from the Philippines and is a domestic worker. When she came to Italy over 30 years ago, she was supporting 26 family members back home and working seven days a week. She sent so much of her hard -earned money home to the Philippines that, in the end, she had nothing left for herself.
Although Minda did not introduce me to the issue of migration and remittances, she brought it to another level, and the word ‘sacrifice’ took on a whole other meaning.
For IFAD, this day will represent an invaluable opportunity to recognize the efforts of migrants, strengthen current partnerships and create new synergies. For all of us, it is a way to say thank you.
Surely now, when you hear the date June 16, you will remember that it is not 'just another day.'
The IFAD-supported Lower Usuthu Sustainable Land Management Project (LUSLM, also known as LUSIP-GEF) walked off with four awards at the Swaziland World Water Day Awards in March. LUSLM was showered with accolades, including first place for best photograph depicting water and sustainable development, and first place for sustainable practices.
LUSLM did not stop there though, raking in two second-place awards. These awards recognized LUSM's community outreach and awareness creation on water and sustainable development. The project was awarded for showcasing activities on the water-harvesting techniques it promotes, including rooftop cement rainwater harvesting; infield ripper farrow and basin water harvesting; and water harvesting through land rehabilitation on degraded land and dongas.
LUSLM won the best photo award for an image of a family collecting water from their roof water harvester. For the sustainable practices award, the project was judged the best in the country in terms of community initiatives that have employed good water-management practices. These initiatives have sustained LUSLM's water-related projects, rendering them effectively operational for a long time.
|National Project Manager Lynn Kota receiving one of the World Water Day |
Awards on behalf of the LUSLM team. © Norman Mavuso
|The LUSLM Project team, in Swazi traditional attire, with the awards |
at the project offices. © Norman Mavuso
|IFAD-organized panel at the International Journalism Festival. From left: Mauro Buonocore, Jacopo Monzini, Marco Cattaneo and Lars Charas. ©IFAD/Adam Vincent|
Audience at the panel in Perugia. ©IFAD/Jessica Thomas
|Indigenous people with traditional musical instruments at arts and culture festival in Taksera, Nepal. ©Budha Lojin|
|Indigenous women wearing traditional attire at the|
festival in Taskera. ©WUPAP
The festival's objective was to highlight indigenous peoples' traditional dance, food, dress and identity. It also aimed to expand domestic and international tourism, with an emphasis on rural tourism. In addition, the event was designed to build awareness about sustainable biodiversity and environmental conservation. For tourists, the organizers offered information about the most significant places to visit in the surrounding area.
Among the VIPs at the festival – besides the Prime Minister – were five members of Parliament, local leaders, the chairs of the Janjati Federation and Trekking Agencies’ Association of Nepal, the Secretary of the Ministry of Tourism and Civil Aviation, and representatives of district line agencies. The WUPAP Project Coordinator and Senior District Coordinator participated as well.
|Nepal's Prime Minister Sushil Koirala opens the festival in Rukum District. ©Budha Lojin|
|Women in stall selling traditional wares at the Taskera arts and culture festival. ©WUPAP|
Written by Francesco FarnèSi sente parlare in maniera sempre più crescente di cibo, anche grazie alla grandissima copertura mediatica che questo argomento ha trovato in tutto il mondo. Basta pensare ai numerosi programmi di cucina che hanno contribuito a rendere gli chef, una volta relegati nel buio delle cucine, vere e proprie star. Per non parlare di vocaboli come “foodie” o “gourmet” che sono entrati prepotentemente nel nostro vocabolario.
Quello di cui si sente parlare di meno, soprattutto in Italia, nonostante l’incombenza di Expo 2015, è il cambiamento climatico, che, per quanto sia in apparenza un concetto astratto e che tendiamo a collegare a catastrofi che avvengono in luoghi remoti, ci riguarda in realtà più di quanto crediamo.
Vi starete forse chiedendo come questo si colleghi al cibo e agli chef. La risposta si può trovare risalendo la catena del cibo dalle nostre tavole fino ai piccoli agricoltori che producono circa due terzi del cibo che consumiamo a livello globale. Essi vivono principalmente nei paesi in via di sviluppo e il cambiamento climatico è una seria minaccia per loro.
|Tavola rotonda dell'IFAD durante l'intervento di Jacopo Monzini|
Gli speaker sono stati capaci fin da subito di sviluppare un dialogo coinvolgente, in grado di valorizzare e congiungere esperienze tanto diverse. Questo sottolinea quanto i loro campi professionali siano strettamente interconnessi. E come tutto questo abbia un impatto sulla nostra vita di tutti i giorni – dopotutto consumiamo tre pasti al giorno.
|Mauro Buonocore (destra) e Jacopo Monzini (sinistra)|
ascoltano le domande dal pubbico
Qui entrano in gioco i giornalisti, ma anche gli chef, in quanto opinion leader in grado di influenzare le scelte dei consumatori e le loro diete, così connettendoli al mondo della produzione di cibo e quindi ai piccoli produttori. Un esempio molto pratico lo ha fornito Lars Charas, che ha condiviso la sua esperienza in Corea, dove a causa dell’abbondanza di meduse, conseguenza della pesca intensiva dei loro predatori naturali, ha spinto gli chef a introdurle nelle loro cucine, con ottimi risultati sulla sostenibilità e adattamento delle diete.
Il compito dei giornalisti, come ha ampiamente evidenziato Marco Cattaneo durante il suo intervento, è quello di informare per rendere consapevoli i consumatori. Per far questo è necessario, soprattutto in Italia, andare verso una specializzazione dei giornalisti che si occupano di tematiche scientifiche come il cambiamento climatico, attraverso un alta formazione tecnica, ma anche deontologica. È necessario, inoltre, superare le divisioni politiche che caratterizzano il dibattito pubblico nel nostro paese così da potersi concentrare maggiormente sui contenuti.
|Pubblico durante il dibattito|
In questo senso un’organizzazione come l’IFAD, attraverso la sua missione globale e la sua esperienza con i piccoli agricoltori, può contribuire positivamente alla diffusione di questo messaggio, dando anche un volto umano alle conseguenze del cambiamento climatico.
Come ha concluso Monzini, c’è un collegamento anche fra i piccoli agricoltori e una delle tematiche più dibattute in Italia, la migrazione. Bisogna considerare che molti dei migranti che si trovano a dover lasciare le loro terre sono spesso piccoli agricoltori colpiti anche dal cambiamento climatico. Questo è solo uno dei tanti spunti e stimoli che sono emersi durante l’incontro che senza dubbio ha contribuito a portare alla luce ed aprire un dibattito pubblico su tematiche troppo spesso trascurate, ma che in tantissimi modi hanno impatti su ognuno noi.
In Lushoto, Tanzania, a cluster of ''climate-smart villages'' supported by Climate Change and Food Security's (CCAFS) nestle in the stunning Eastern Arc Mountains, stretching between Tanzania and Kenya. The richly diverse landscape is a biodiversity hotspot with its sloping hillsides supporting a wide range of agricultural produce - from vegetables, beans, sugarcane and cassava to agroforestry.
But this diversity of crops takes a toll on the soils in which they are grown. Sloping land is becoming exposed to increasing rainfall, which is washing precious top soil away. Without replacing nutrients in the soil, or better management of the soils on the steep slopes, Lushoto’s diversity will likely disappear.
Soil health is measured through indicators such as organic carbon. In Lushoto, carbon per kilogram of soil can vary massively between 15 and 150 grams within 10 kilometers. Designed originally by the World Agroforestry Centre, the has been updated and implemented globally by CIAT and regional partners, such as IFAD's Adaption for Smallholder Agriculture Programme (ASAP), to map the landscape and show variability in dynamic soil properties.
Scientists are now linking soil health data with household survey data on cropping diversity, perceptions of climate change, and gender. Together with socio-economic data, it allows them to better understand and address farming system constraints. Lab tests help further identify soil nutrient quantities such as nitrogen content, building up a rich map of the soil.
By Clare Bishop-Sambrook, Lead Technical Specialist - Gender and Social Inclusion, PTA
No less would be expected in Lesotho. The country has fully closed its gender gap in several areas and tops the global rankings on educational attainment, women’s employment as legislators, senior officials and managers, and as professional and technical workers (see World Economic Forum’s 2014 Global Gender Gap Report).
To date, 47 AIPs have been prepared, representing a total investment of USD 3,424,000, benefiting about 7000 households with 21,000 participants. During the mission we visited several AIP initiatives including women’s groups running poultry and greenhouse projects, and mixed groups planting trees, constructing livestock watering points and protecting wetlands.
Lehlohonolo Mpholle, the component head, explained the idea behind introducing the awards: “After some initial teething troubles with this component, it is important to recognise the good work that is now being done at the farm level.” Accounting for just over half of the 44 nominees, women scooped 64 percent of the awards. And staff appreciated the awards as a recognition of their commitment and professional dedication.
Responsable Suivi-Evaluation PAPAM/ASAP Mali
|How to use MPAT - infographic from IFAD.|
Le Thème de cette année est le Suivi et Evaluation de l’Adaptation Efficace, qui touche aux thèmes suivants :
Suivi et apprentissage sur l'efficacité de l'adaptation à différentes échelles: des communautés aux niveaux sous-national, national et global ;
Question de genre et groupes vulnérables ;
Exploitation de la variabilité climatique pour faciliter l'adaptation dans les zones arides ;
Principes et options radicales d'adaptation - des questions pour en évaluer l'efficacité ;
Suivi et mise à l'échelle des pratiques de l'agriculture intelligente face au climat visant à améliorer la sécurité alimentaire et l'adaptation ;
Evaluation basée sur les écosystèmes pour l'adaptation efficace ;
Evaluation des pertes et dommages ;
Outils et techniques de mesure efficace pour l'adaptation et la résilience ;
Les connaissances autochtones sur l’adaptation ,
La conférence s’est déroulée à travers des présentations des expériences en plénière et des travaux de groupe. Le système de suivi-évaluation des gouvernements dans le processus de CBA a été largement discuté et les conclusions tirées sont axées sur l’importance de la bonne gouvernance, le renforcement des capacités et surtout la coordination des actions CBA dans les pays.
Des bailleurs de fonds comme la Banque Africaine de développement ont réitéré leur entière disponibilité d’appui financier en faveur de l’Adaptation aux Changement Climatique.
|Mr. Mamadou Mohamed Touré - Responsable Suivi-Evaluation |
PAPAM/ASAP Mali presenting MPAT at CBA 9
©IFAD/E. Morras Dimas
Pendant cette conférence, Marie Chanoine du FIDA Rwanda et moi-même avons fait des exposés sur certaines initiatives du FIDA visant à mieux mesurer l'adaptation aux changements climatiques.
Plus spécifiquement, j’ai présenté The Multidimensional Poverty Assessment Tool – MPAT , littéralement traduit en français comme l’outil d’évaluation multidimensionnelle de la pauvreté. MPAT est une initiative qui a été mise au point par le personnel du FIDA afin de simplifier le défi complexe qui consiste à mesurer la pauvreté et l’impact des interventions visant à la réduire au niveau des ménages et du village.
MPAT a été aussi adapté pour mesurer les progrès accomplis sur la résilience climatique dans des projets qui intègrent le financement climat. Avec cet objectif,, une composante supplémentaire sur les changements climatiques et l'adaptation a été ajoutée à l'outil MPAT et a été testée dans le premier trimestre de 2015 dans le cadre du projet PAPAM / ASAP au Mali.
La mise en œuvre de l’enquête MPAT dans la zone d’intervention du volet ASAP du PAPAM s’est déroulée dans la période début février à début Avril 2015. L’approche méthodologique a concerné les étapes suivantes :
Cette enquête s’est déroulée dans deux régions du Mali (Kayes et Sikasso), six cercles (Bougouni, Sikasso, Yanfoîla, Kita, Keniébaet Bafoulabé) et 17 communes.
Sur la base des résultats de l’application de MPAT au Mali, il est prévu de l’utiliser dans d’autres projets financés par le FIDA
Des nombreux acteurs ont manifesté leur intérêt vers l’outil MPAT et ont demandé le résumé des thèmes exposés, les posters du FIDA et le rapport final du MPAT Mali pour pouvoir le reproduire dans leurs pays respectifs, notamment au Rwanda et au Vietnam.
Mon impression, est que cette Conférence Internationale ait réellement permis aux différents acteurs gouvernementaux et non gouvernementaux de partager leurs expériences en matière d’évaluation et l’amélioration efficace de l’Adaptation. La conférence a été une grande opportunité pour le FIDA de faire connaître d’avantage ses expertises et expériences en matière d’évaluation et d’amélioration de l’Adaptation aux Changement climatique.
La prochaine conférence est prévue pour 2016 au Bangladesh et on imagine le FIDA y jouer encore une fois un rôle important
Written by Caroline Mwongera, Postdoctoral Scientist in the Soils Research Area, CIAT.
Originally posted here
The next generation of smallholder farms in Africa may have no one left to run them.
A visit by a team from the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) in the Gulu, Kitgum, Nwoya and Adjumani districts of Northern Uganda – a region that was embroiled in more than 20 years of civil war waged by the Lord’s Resistance Army – presents an alarming scenario for the years ahead. Here we meet more than 158 farmers and are struck by the sentiments of the older farmers.
|In the Gulu, Kitgum, Nwoya and Adjumani districts of |
Northern Uganda the average age of farmers is 45.
Credit: Stephanie Malyon / CIAT
|Young people are turning away from agriculture to drive |
motorcycle taxis. Credit: Stephanie Malyon / CIAT
Separate interviews with a team of 24 local agricultural experts reveal that the average age of farmers is 45 and young people between 18 and 30 are disconnected from the farm and realities of agricultural production. For this particular region, it has negative impacts on post-conflict recovery, given the role of youth in rural community continuity and agriculture.
Another visit to Bagamoyo, Kilolo, Kilosa and Mbarali districts within the region known as the South Agriculture Growth Corridor of Tanzania (SAGCOT), confirms this story line. We speak to a group of 40 youths, who tell us that lack of social infrastructure and amenities lures them away from the villages.
Saidi, a 25-year-old man, explains the pull of urban life.
“Look at the life we are living here. We have been left behind by our peers in the cities. Life there is so much more glamorous and advanced. I would rather be struggling in the city with good paved roads, piped water and electricity.”
Africa already faces daunting challenges in achieving food security, and these are expected to increase with the rapid surge in population. But food security cannot be achieved unless the problem of a young population less interested in agriculture is addressed by policy-makers.
|Can the entrepreneurial spirit of young people be|
harnessed to encourage them to turn to agriculture?
Credit: Georgina Smith / CIAT
Africa’s transformation can be realised by harnessing and enabling the entrepreneurial spirit and skills of smallholder farmers, young people and women in the rural economy, according to Agriculture for Impact.
The CIAT projectIncreasing food security and farming system resilience in East Africa through wide-scale adoption of climate-smart agricultural practices, funded by IFAD, is promoting awareness and use of appropriate climate smart technologies in the above regions. Through demonstration trials, the project trains smallholder farmers, young people and women in particular in using site-specific climate smart technologies that will improve their farm productivity and income, with enhanced resilience to climate change, and reduction of greenhouse gases.
Young people taking up climate smart agriculture farming will no longer be able to complain of feeling left behind.
The UN has declared 2015 as the International Year of Soils to raise awareness of the urgent need to protect the resource that feeds and waters us. Find out how CIATs global soils research team of soil scientists, ecologists and anthropologists are working with partners to protect and restore this vital resource.
EXPO 2015: Si parla di donneWhat is the link between food security, gender equality and microfinance? Participants at the EXPO Milan workshop on “Gender, food security & microfinance“, organized by the Fondazioni Pangea Onlus and Un Raggio di Luce Onlus, explored this topic on 13 May 2015. It was the first of a series of five seminars on “Finance for food”, sponsored by the Rete Italiana di Microfinanza RITMI and the Italian Sustainable Investment Forum (FFS). The aim is to identify and highlight the best practices in financing food security and sustainable agriculture, both at national and international level.
|Panellists at the Finance for Food seminar at Expo 2015.|
In her opening remarks, Simona Lanzoni, PANGEA’s Vice-President and the moderator of the workshop, emphasized the women - food security nexus. She highlighted the importance of appropriate and context-specific ways to deliver micro-finance services to women so that they can contribute to the food security of poor families. To do so they need to be part of multiple interventions that complement each other.
“Is there a social dimension to food security?” Sabrina Aguiari (Tulane University Food Security Summer Studies) demonstrated how the concept of food security has evolved over time, from the World Food Summit 1971 to subsequent food summits in 1996, 2002 and 2009. She dwelt in particular on the four dimensions of food and nutrition security - availability, accessibility, utilization and stability. She also underlined the shift from a focus on the household level to the individual, which helped to highlight the gender differences.
Touching also on the right to food and the debate about food sovereignty, Aguiari emphasized the importance of a feminist perspective, in particular when considering women’s invisible and un-counted work in the care economy and in food production. In her view, women’s access to micro-finance should be seen in the context of the four dimensions of food and nutrition security. Each dimension required different financial inputs and services.
“Can women have access to productive resources to ensure food security?” That was the opening question of microfinance expert Smita Premchander who shared good practices and challenges from Sampark, a project in Koppal district, North Karnataka (India) of which she is the General Secretary. Formal and informal groups as well as individuals started income-generating programmes, established enterprises, and carried out other gender related activities, with the support of Fondazioni Pangea Onlus.
Women in 35 villages organized into 160 Self Help Groups (SHGs) and engaged in savings and credit activities. By regrouping 15-20 SHGs into cluster associations, they started to play an important role in designing credit systems, monitoring groups, auditing groups annually and implementing enterprise development activities. Women also registered as cooperatives. Premchander underlined the importance of savings, which enable women not only to hand out small credits to each other but also to take bigger credits on behalf of the clusters and then pass them on to members.
Paola Ciardi, International Consultant and Nepal Country Coordinator for Fondazione Un Raggio di Luce Onlus, reported about a project in Jumla (Nepal) with a focus on microfinance, agricultural development, food security and women’s empowerment. At the request of the community, the project trained female health facilitators, built water mills and restored drinking water systems, to lighten women’s workload.
In 2015, a special micro-credit fund for women was introduced. It includes a clause that requires husbands to sign a contract and agree to support women’s greater participation in decision-making. The project also trained 33 community gender facilitators (women and men) who monitor the project and have made commitments to promote gender equality.
|Participants at the Finance for Food seminar at Expo 2015.|
In my presentation on rural microfinance and food security, I spoke about IFAD's experiences in empowering rural women through improved access to financial products (savings, loans, insurance, remittances transfers) and improved food security. Women make up a massive 72 per cent of the 19.1 million voluntary savers in IFAD-supported operations. My main message was that access to financial services must be linked to wider sustainable development processes including access to markets, value chain development, gender equality, strengthened local economies and political stability.
Overall, the expansion of microfinance since the 1990s has significantly increased women’s access to loans and savings, not only contributing to poverty reduction and financial sustainability, but also to a series of ‘virtuous spirals’.
First, increasing women’s access to microfinance services can lead to their economic empowerment enabling them to access significant amounts of money in their own right for the first time. Second, increasing women’s access to microfinance can increase household wellbeing (health, education, happiness). Even where women are not directly engaged in income earning activities, channeling credit or savings options to households through women may enable them to play a more active role in decision-making at household level. Third, a combination of women's increased economic activity and increased decision-making in the household can lead to wider social and political empowerment and gender equality.
Rural finance is key for agricultural production and food security, thus improving income, household food consumption and health. Women are important actors in agricultural production and food processing and preparation. Nutrition-sensitive agricultural programmes can channel investments into women-specific activities that have a direct impact on food and nutrition security and generate income at same time. These can include small ruminants, fishponds and aquaculture, horticulture and kitchen gardens and forestry products, just to name a few.
In the lively debate that followed the presentations, a number of important questions were raised:
Now to the EXPO. The workshop was held at the Cascina Triulza, a building on the EXPO site which was renovated and especially designed for use by civil society organizations. It took some hurdles to reach it. Although the EXPO had opened 13 days earlier, we were the first customers for our taxi driver to ask for this destination and he promptly left us at the back entrance. The long walk to Cascina Triulza enabled us to have encounters with huge crowds of school children and visitors and provided a good glimpse of many beautiful national pavilions along the way.
There were some challenges. Only a small group, most of them connected to the organizers, had gathered. Some EXPO visitors and school children ventured from time to time into the conference room, listened for a while and left again. Through the open windows, we could hear the truffle sellers go about their business and workers doing last minute work with their drills.
In conclusion, it was a pity that the event was not more widely publicized and covered by livestreaming in order to attract a larger audience. Ordinary EXPO visitors seem to have other priorities. Who would pay 36 Euros for a day pass and then sit 3 hours in a workshop when there is so much to see outside, the stunning national pavilions, the enticing food stands, the colorful videos and demonstrations? How many people would venture out from the centre of Milan, spend 30 minutes on subway and walk another 30 minutes to attend a workshop, even when in possession of a free ticket? To attract EXPO visitors, on site events need to be designed differently - short, with infographics or videos, demonstrations or simulation games.
For my part, I will definitely go back and visit the EXPO … at leisure!